Your Marijuana ETF Primer
Editor's Note: Like Chief Investment Strategist Alexander Green, Matthew is away this week sailing the ocean blue on The Oxford Club's Chairman's Circle Wealth Cruise. So it's a great time to borrow an article he recently wrote for Energy & Resources Digest on the new category of marijuana ETFs.
It's also a good (albeit bittersweet) time to let you know that Matthew will soon be bidding bon voyage to the Investment U e-letter.
It's not because we don't love and value him. I will personally miss our weekly banter about Elon Musk's latest boneheaded move, traditional brick-and-mortar retailers who can't adapt to the new world order and which 90s song lyric would most resonate with you.
And don't worry. You'll still be able to follow Matthew's latest take on marijuana, manufacturing, metals, oil and the markets (did I mention marijuana?) for free in Energy & Resources Digest.
But as I've mentioned the past two days, exciting changes are coming to your daily Investment U subscription.
We'll invite Matthew back from time to time. But until then, let's just say "See ya when we see ya" - like next Wednesday when he gives you his parting "Peace out."
Donna DiVenuto-Ball, Managing Editor
I was shocked last week when someone complained to me, "There isn't even a marijuana exchange-traded fund!"
I sighed. They were right.
Because there isn't one. There are four!
Admittedly, two just launched in February. And one is a converted Latin American real estate ETF.
But this illustrates how much investors still have to learn about the cannabis market as well as how quickly it's evolving... not to mention how far removed it is from the mainstream.
So today we'll delve briefly into the four marijuana ETFs and their differences.
They each have their pros and cons, despite sharing several positions.
But in the volatile world of pot investing, these basket opportunities can offer a less risky approach.
The Best Way to Play "Big Cannabis"
The Horizons Marijuana Life Sciences Index ETF (TSX: HMMJ; OTC: HMLSF) was the first marijuana ETF.
It includes Aurora Cannabis (TSX: ACB; OTC: ACBFF), Canopy Growth Corp. (TSX: WEED; OTC: TWMJF), GW Pharmaceuticals (Nasdaq: GWPH), MedReleaf (TSX: LEAF; OTC: MEDFF), Scotts Miracle-Gro (NYSE: SMG), Aphria (TSX: APH; OTC: APHQF) and Cronos Group (Nasdaq: CRON).
It focuses on the large cap - or "Big Cannabis" - players.
That means its top holdings include the household names of the industry. It gives investors exposure to some of the largest licensed producers in Canada, such as Cronos, which was the first pure marijuana play to be listed on a major U.S. exchange.
Those companies represent 66.28% of the ETF's holdings. And of Horizons Marijuana's 37 positions, 79.6% are in Canada, 12% are in the U.S. and 7.5% are in Great Britain.
You also get a biopharmaceutical with GW, which happens to be the largest component of the U.S. Marijuana Index.
GW's cannabidiol epilepsy treatment, Epidiolex, is a groundbreaker for the medical cannabis industry. It not only has a favorable recommendation from the FDA but could potentially bring in $1 billion in sales per year for the company by 2022.
Then there's a classic fertilizer play with Scotts Miracle-Gro.
Investors can't overlook the fact that all of the licensed producers in the Horizons Marijuana ETF are big international players with very limited exposure to the tumultuous U.S. market.
So it's a solid basket of companies.
Year to date, Horizons Marijuana has fallen 12.9%...
It's been a tough few months for the industry. But in comparison, the U.S. Marijuana Index is down 14.9% year to date, while the Canadian Marijuana Index is down 23.2%.
And the North American Marijuana Index, which is Horizons Marijuana's benchmark, is down 20% so far in 2018.
Canada or Nothing!
Similar to Horizons Marijuana, the Evolve Marijuana ETF (TSX: SEED) puts a lot of emphasis on Big Cannabis.
The largest of its 25 holdings are Canopy Growth Corp., Aurora Cannabis, MedReleaf, Aphria, Cronos Group, CanniMed Therapeutics (TSX: CMED; OTC: CMMDF), Hydropothecary Corp. (TSX-V: THCX; OTC: HYYDF) and Emerald Health Therapeutics (CNX: EMH; OTC: EMHTF).
Those companies account for 62.7% of the ETF's holdings.
For pot stock investors, two attractive markets right now are Canada and Australia. Evolve Marijuana focuses on both, with 92% of its holdings in Canada and the other 8% in Australia.
Year to date, Evolve Marijuana has slipped 14.9%...
It trails Horizons Marijuana by just a couple percentage points... and it launched only in February. That's due to the increased focus on Canada.
Betting on Big Tobacco
In December 2017, the ETFMG Alternative Harvest ETF (NYSE: MJ) converted from focusing on Latin American real estate to marijuana stocks.
It's built slightly differently than the two previous pot ETFs.
Its top holdings are GW, MedReleaf, Hydropothecary Corp., Cannabis Wheaton Income Corp. (TSX-V: CBW; OTC: CBWTF), Canopy Growth Corp., CannTrust Holdings (TSX: TRST; OTC: CNTTF) and Emerald Health Therapeutics.
Those companies account for only 39.14% of the ETF's total holdings.
And of Alternative Harvest's current 38 positions, 12 are tobacco companies, even though Big Tobacco has yet to make a splash in the cannabis space. (The largest outside investment has come from the alcohol industry.)
Alternative Harvest has declined 11.9% year to date...
Of the pot ETFs, it's the best performer. It's buoyed for now by GW and those international tobacco holdings.
Pot's Emerging Market ETF
The Horizons Emerging Marijuana Growers Index ETF (NEO: HMJR; OTC: HZEMF) focuses on growth. As the name suggests, it's a basket of cannabis stocks in emerging markets.
For example, the ETF's two largest holdings are Cann Group (OTC: CNGGF) and AusCann Group Holdings Ltd. (OTC: ACNNF) - the two biggest cannabis companies in Australia.
Despite that, the ETF's composition by country is 79% Canadian and 21% Australian. There are only six publicly traded Australian pot stocks.
The Emerging Growers Index has been the hardest hit in recent months. It has tumbled more than 20% since it launched in February...
Again, Canadian stocks have struggled in recent months. And after a strong rally to start the year, Australia's notable licensed producers have cooled off.
This is an exciting year for pot stock investors.
The market hasn't gone mainstream yet.
But catalysts on the horizon are about to trigger big moves...
Recreational use in Canada will go live nationwide in the coming months. Australia has approved exports and medical use and is already receiving shipments from Canada. In the U.S., recreational markets will be legalized in more states this summer, following the launch of California's adult-use market back in January.
For investors looking for a one-stop shop for pot stocks, there are now four different ETF flavors to choose from. And they're perfect for those who want an alternative to the volatility of a single-stock approach.